antimicrobial activity and phytochemical analysis of medicinal plants

Its oil is one of the most popular widely used essential oils in food products, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, dental preparations, mouthwashes, soaps and alcoholic liquors. Res J Med Plant. Many microbial diseases can be cured by medicinal plants without any side effects and economical issues [2]. Pterocarpus Erinaceus and has been commonly utilized in Nigerian folk medicine to treat various illnesses such . Conclusion. A proper use of medicinal plants requires accurate scientific information and understanding of their chemical constituents. Antibacterial activity of Azadirachta indica plant leaves is due to the presence of phytochemical compounds like phenolic compounds, tannins, reducing sugar, glycosides, triterpenes (Table 2). Medicinal plants play an important role in the discovery of novel drugs used in modern medicine. Striods, tannins and glycosides were present only in ethyl acetate leaf extract of C. zeylanica. The gene-targeted marker techniques were highly useful tools for the classification of the 16 medicinal plant species, despite displaying high similarities at morphological and phytochemical analyses but, have antifungal and antibacterial activities. References (39) Abstract Objective: To study the antimicrobial activity and phytochemicals of extracts from 5 different medicinal plants, as well as to evaluate the synergistic activity of potent. Methods Conclusion. Abstract We aimed to establish a phytochemical analysis of the crude extracts and performed GC-MS of the essential oils (EOs) of Eugenia uniflora L. (Myrtaceae) and Asteraceae species Baccharis dracunculifolia DC, Matricaria chamomilla L. and Vernonia polyanthes Less, as well as determining their antimicrobial activity. This information might be used in herbal medicine

maximum antibacterial activity against Salmonella typhi comparable to that of standard antibiotics. Preliminary phytochemical analysis and extraction of crude drugs from medicinal plants and their antimicrobial activity . The antimicrobial screening showed that the plant is active against Salmonella typhi, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterobacter aerogenes, Enterococcus faecalis, and Escherichia coli.

In this search, plants have proved to be rich reservoirs of efficacious medicinal components that manage ailments.

Background Four out of five individuals rely on traditional medicine for their primary healthcare needs. The highest antibacterial activity with inhibition zone diameter of 20 1.1 mm, MIC value of 0.01 mg/mL was observed against B. cereus, followed by S. aureus with inhibition zone diameter of . Abstract: The research was designed to screen some selected medicinal plants for in-vitro anti-mycobacterial activity. [ 13, 21] Table 2 PHYTOCHEMICAL INVESTIGATION OF CASSIA AURICULATA LEAVES ON DIFFERENT EXTRACTS .

14.

<i>Cynodon dactylon</i> (L.) Pers. Increasing antimicrobial resistance has led to an arduous search for new potent drugs from nature. Zambesiaca Neutraceutical, Phytochemical characterization and Antibacterial activity of Medicinal plant Moringa Oleifera Phytochemical Analysis and Antimicrobial Activity of Piper Capense L.F. AS Biology Unit 3- Antimicrobial properties of mint and garlic practical . Ul-Haq I, Ullah N, Bibi G, Kanwal S, Ahmad MS, Mirza B. Antioxidant and cytotoxic activities and phytochemical analysis . Plant material was separated and successively extracted with various organic solvents. This research aims to determine the phytochemical constituents and evaluate the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of the crude extracts from three Sudanese traditional medicinal plants (khella, marula and black mustard). Medicinal plants are very rich in phytochemicals and have been widely used in modern-day processing drugs. The genetargeted marker techniques were highly useful tools for the classification of the 16 medicinal plant species, despite displaying high similarities at morphological and phytochemical analyses but, have antifungal and antibacterial activities. exhibited by pathogenic microbial infectious agents has led to the screening of several medicinal plants for their potential antimicrobial activity (5,6). Extracts was evaluated for solubility, moisture content, melting point, FTIR and other qualitative analysis for Photo constituents. In vitro Antimicrobial Activity and Phytochemical Analysis of Some Indian Medicinal Plants, Turk. Methods Abstract enterica. Keywords: antibacterial activity; folk medicinal plants; methanol extract; antibiotics 1. Traditional medicine is widely used on a regular basis by Sudanese. 2. Molecular modelling revealed their activity against sclerotium development. Medicinal plants are endowed with diverse bioactive compounds to treat multidrug-resistant (MDR) microbes.

Ethano medicinal study and antibacterial activities of selected plants of palpa district, Nepal.

The extracts from leaves were less active, as they inhibited yeasts in concentrations between 6.25 and 12.5 mg/mL and killed them at dosage from 12.5 mg/mL. The phytochemical analysis carried out revealed the presence of coumarins, flavanoids, glycosides, phenols, tannins, Alkaloids were not detected from any of the plant extracts under study.

2011;5(5):567-76. . The antifungal activity of the C. spinosa extracts is presented in Table 5. The therapeutic effects in the plants are due to the chemical compounds therein. The aim of this study was to evaluate antimicrobial activity and screening phytochemicals of medicinal plants used to treat urinary tract infections.

Twenty compounds were detected through GC-MS analysis. The current study is designed to investigate the phytochemical composition, antimicrobial activity, and the cytotoxicity of the crude root extracts of <i>Croton .

However, the potential of higher plants as a source for new drugs is still largely unexplored [1].

2. [8] McFarland J. Nephelometer: an instrument for estimating the number of bacteria in suspensions used for calculating the opsonic index and for vaccines. J. Biol 31,2007 53-58. signicant antibacterial activity when compared with K-cycline and Bact-805 for plant pathogens, Gentamicin and Streptomycin for human pathogens. The antimicrobial activity may be due to the presence of phytochemical constituents like flavonoids and phenolic compounds present in the plant as secondary metabolites. Mol Aspects Med., 2006; 27: 1-93. ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY, TOXICITY AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF FOUR MEDICINAL PLANTS TRADITIONALLY USED IN MSAMBWENI DISTRICT, KENYA MAGRATE MUTHONI KAIGONGI, B.Sc. Background: Medicinal plants are having immense potential to cure various health ailments and used as drugs and remedies for the treatment of various diseases since civilization. Medicinal plants have always been part of human culture and have the potential to cure different diseases caused by microorganisms. Table 2: Antibacterial Activity Of Medicinal Plants Determined By Agar Well Diffusion Method Phytochemical analysis. The zones of inhibition for extracts with good antimicrobial activity were determined in mm. Medicinal plants are endowed with diverse bioactive compounds to treat multidrug-resistant (MDR) microbes. The potential of antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of the extracts from such plants are of great interest in food and pharmaceutical industry. In-vitro experimental study was carried out to evaluate the antimicrobial effect and screening phytochemical of Rumex abyssinicus, Cucumis pustulatus, Discopodium penninervium, Lippia adoensis . Introduction Plant materials remain an important resource to combat serious diseases in the world. The present study was to determine it's leaves have any antimicrobial activity and also If enough botanical, phytochemical and . Methods were also . AbstractLonar lake is situated in Buldhana district of Maharashtra (India), is surrounded by dense forest constituting many plants with high medicinal values.Because of the high alkalinity and diverse atmospheric conditions, we have selected the area around the Lonar lake for determining the antibacterial potential and phytochemical analysis of the medicinal plants available at Lonar lake. Pterocarpus Erinaceus and has been commonly utilized in Nigerian folk medicine to treat various illnesses such . 2008). Its oil is one of the most popular widely used essential oils in food products, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, dental preparations, mouthwashes, soaps and alcoholic liquors. The phytochemical analysis was performed to determine the presence of chemical components as a prospective source for medicinal and industrial use. his ailments. This study aimed to evaluate antimicrobial activity and phytochemical screening of selected medicinal plants against MDR microbes. Mentha piperita L. (Peppermint) is a perennial glabrous and strongly scented herb belonging to family Lamiaceae. Hexane, chloroform, methanol, ethanol and water extracts were subjected to phytochemical analysis to ascertain the presence of metabolites such as reducing sugars, alkaloids, anthraquinones, glycosides, flavonoids, tannins, steroids, saponins, triterpenoids and phlobatanins []. Medicinal plants are very rich in phytochemicals and have been widely used in modern-day processing drugs. 2008; 43. Antimicrobial activities and phytochemical profiles of endemic medicinal plants of Mauritius. J Pharmacog Phytochem., 2013; 2: 22-9. Zambesiaca Neutraceutical, Phytochemical characterization and Antibacterial activity of Medicinal plant Moringa Oleifera Phytochemical Analysis and Antimicrobial Activity of Piper Capense L.F. AS Biology Unit 3- Antimicrobial properties of mint and garlic practical In summary the evidence for the existence of anticancer, antibacterial and antiviral agents in the genus Goniothalamus is strong and it seems likely that further consistent and systematic research on this genus of flowering plants will lead to the discovery of antineoplastic and antimicrobial agents. Antimicrobial activity. The current study is designed to investigate the phytochemical composition, antimicrobial activity, and the cytotoxicity of the crude root extracts of <i>Croton .

strains studied. So far, a less thorough examination has been made in this regard. This research aims to determine the phytochemical constituents and evaluate the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of the crude extracts from three Sudanese traditional medicinal plants (khella, marula and black mustard). Gurib-Fakim A. Ziziphus nummularia, a small bush of the Rhamnaceae family, has been widely used in traditional folk medicine, is rich in bioactive molecules, and has many reported pharmacological and therapeutic properties. In total, extracts from 34 ethnomedicinally valuable Pakistani plants were reported for in-vitro anti-E . 3* 1. 56. in vitro Antimicrobial Activity and Phytochemical Analysis of Some Indian Medicinal Plants Table 3. The leaf extracts showed MIC values ranging from 3.12 to 12.5 mg/mL and MMC between 6.25 and 50 mg/mL. In Pakistan, biologists are mainly focusing on plants' antimicrobial activities against Escherichia coli due to its increasing resistance to antibiotics. The current result supports the medicinal use of the Sanseiveria roxburghiana leaf which acts as an antimicrobial agent, however further studies need to isolate the active constituents from the leaf and to study the antimicrobial activity in cellular level. This is the first study to report the MIC,MBC/MFC antimicrobial activities of Capparis zeylanica. The phytochemical analysis had showed the presence of carbohydrates and proteins in all the plants, Amino acids, Steroids, Glycosides, Flavonoids, Alkaloids and Tannins were also found in some of the plants. Syzigium cumini and Santalum ovatum had shown maximum antibacterial activity against E. coli and Sal. Medicinal property of these plants lies in their secondary metabolites which covered various classes like phenols, alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, etc. The medicinal plant Sanseiveria roxburghiana leaf possesses the wide range of medicinal properties which were confirmed through literature reviews. Present study was carried out to investigate in vitro anti-bacterial and anti-fungal activity from the seeds of an Indian traditional medicinal plant Cassia tora. Medicinal plants: traditions of yesterday and drugs of tomorrow. Present study was carried out to investigate in vitro anti-bacterial and anti-fungal activity from the seeds of an Indian traditional medicinal plant Cassia tora . (Biology) (Nairobi). The aim of this study was to explore the phytochemical composition, heavy metals analysis and the antibacterial activity of six medicinal plants i.e., Terminalia chebula Retz (fruits), Aegle marmelos L., (fruits), Curcuma longa L., (rhizomes), Syzygium aromaticum L., (flower buds), Piper nigrum L., (seeds), Cinnamomum cassia L., (barks) and its two remedial recipes (recipe 1 and 2) used . Table 1:Antibacterial activity of Azadirachta indica methanol extract against bacterial pathogens

/ In Vitro Antibacterial Activity and Phytochemical Analysis of Some Selected Medicinal Plants of A.sativum were also able to inhibit the growth A.sativum and aqueous extract of E.citriodora of P.aeruginosa at this concentration but 0.5 mg/ were also able to inhibit the growth of E.coli at 100 l of all test extracts of all three test plants . Background . View/ Open. Traditional medicine is widely used on a regular basis by Sudanese. Soni A, Sosa S. Phytochemical analysis and free radical scavenging potential of herbal and medicinal plant extracts. Muhammad S, Khan BA, Akhtar N, Mahmood T, Rasul A, Hussain I, Khan H, Badshah A. Phytochemicals are non-nutritive plant chemicals that have protective or disease preventive properties. The present study was carried out to evaluate the phytochemical and antimicrobial activity of twelve medicinal plants antimicrobial activity of ethanolic extract of plants were evaluated using well diffusion method against Candida albicans Mangifera indica Candida tropicalis and Lactobacillus acidophlius Lanneacoromandelica Mentha piperita L. (Peppermint) is a perennial glabrous and strongly scented herb belonging to family Lamiaceae. The extraction yield was 9.3 %. Alkaloids, flavonoids, and saponin fraction were separated. To study the antimicrobial activity and phytochemicals of extracts from 5 different medicinal plants, as well as to evaluate the synergistic activity of potent plant extracts with suitable antibiotic discs and antibiotics susceptibility of tested microorganisms. The significant antibacterial activity of the active plant extracts was comparable to the standard antimicrobics, piperacillin (100 g/disc) and gentamicin (10 g/disc). The study provides insight into the antimicrobial activities of the plant extracts and their use in the treatment of bacterial or fungal infections. The results of the agar well diffusion assay and the MICs of the acetone extract of E. golondrina are summarised in the Table 1 and Fig. In this search, plants have proved to be rich reservoirs of efficacious medicinal components that manage ailments. 1, Madhava Chetty K. 2, Chandrasai Potla Durthi. These plants have been used as traditional medicines by local ethnic groups, where they are prepared as decoction, pastes for wound infections, and some have been eaten as salad. qualitative phytochemical analysis showed the presence of four phytochemicals; saponins, tannins, alkaloids, and flavonoids. Nine (9) plants (Erythrina senegalensis, Striga hermonthica, Tamarindus indica, Ximenia Americana, Butyrospermum paradoxum, Euphorbia hirta, Pilostigma reticulatum, Waltheria indica, Cissampelos mucronata) were used in the study. The traditional medicinal methods, especially the use of medicinal plants, still play a vital role to cover the basic health needs in the developing countries. Abstract: The research was designed to screen some selected medicinal plants for in-vitro anti-mycobacterial activity. 16. Fungal endophytes are living inside plants without any harmful effects; the prospecting about them is increased day by day because they can produce bioactive compounds which can be used in different applications. This study aimed to evaluate antimicrobial activity and phytochemical screening of selected medicinal plants against . The traditional system of using medicinal plants for curing many diseases dates back to the age of Rig Veda. The antimicrobial properties of many medicinal plants have been previously studied (Hoffman, 1987; Rahman, 2004; It is reported that on a revolution in medical science by curing wide range of diseases [28]. The plant is aromatic, stimulant and used for allaying nausea, headache and vomiting.

It exhibits a wide This paper focused on the assessment of antioxidant potential, antibacterial activity and classes of phytochemicals of nine . (RTFs-6) and Aspergillus sp. It was observed that the organic crude extracts of all the tested plants except L. cornuta showed activity against four micro-organisms and at concentrations lower than the aqueous crude extracts . Egwaikhide et al, Analysis of the Phytochemical Content and Anti-microbial activity of Plectranthus glandulosis Whole Plant, Middle- East Journal of Scientific Research 2007; 2 (3-4): 135-138. 1 below. Such properties of medicinal plants have great heed in both the pharmaceutical and food industries as it accommodates natural compounds that can replace false drugs having antioxidants and antimicrobial substances (Deba et al. Antimicrobial Activity and Phytochemical Analysis of Medicinal Plant Cassia Tora Aminoglycosides, Macrolides, quinolones etc has created a revolution in medical science by curing wide range of disease. Background . Antimicrobial activity and phytochemical analysis of ethanolic extracts of twelve medicinal plants against oral micro organisms Preeti Gauniyal *, Uday Vir Singh Teotia Shri Venkateshwara University,Gajraula, Amroha (Uttar Pradesh) ARTICLE INFO: Article history: Received: January 10, 2014 Received in revised form: February 20, 2014 Nine (9) plants (Erythrina senegalensis, Striga hermonthica, Tamarindus indica, Ximenia Americana, Butyrospermum paradoxum, Euphorbia hirta, Pilostigma reticulatum, Waltheria indica, Cissampelos mucronata) were used in the study. In the present research, the antimicrobial activity of different extracts of C. sinensis was evaluated.

Besides this, these secondary metabolites serve as a prototype to . Background Many medicinal plants from Leguminosae family can be found easily in Malaysia. 15. Materials and methods2.1. @article{Gupta2016PhytochemicalAA, title={Phytochemical analysis and antimicrobial activity of some medicinal plants against selected common human pathogenic microorganisms}, author={Divya Gupta and Jyoti Dubey and Mukesh Kumar}, journal={Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease}, year={2016}, volume={6}, pages={15-20} } Chanda S. Phytochemical analysis of some medicinal plants from western region of India. Phytochemical analysis of the leaf mate-rial revealed that the antibacterial activity of the plant material is because of the presence of phenolic compounds. In this study, preliminary phytochemical screening for C. papaya flowers was carried out using different methods as TLC screening and UV-spectroscopy along with evaluation of antioxidant and antibacterial activities. India is a varietal emporium of medicinal plants and is one of the richest countries in the world in regard to genetic resources of medicinal plants. (RTL-6) which showed potential antibacterial and antifungal activity was carried out. Background Carica papaya is an eminent medicinal plant used all over the world to treat several diseases like malaria, dengue, inflammation, and skin infections. A THESIS SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF SCIENCE IN PLANT TAXONOMY AND The plant is aromatic, stimulant and used for allaying nausea, headache and vomiting. revealed the highest antimicrobial activity at a minimum concentration (0.75 mg/ml) against S. aureus. Department of Biotechnology, National Institute of Technology Andhra Pradesh, Tadepalligudem, Andhra Pradesh, India. Kong KW, Abdul Aziz A, Razali N, Aminuddin N, Mat Junit S. Antioxidant-rich leaf extract of Barringtonia racemosa significantly alters the in vitro expression of genes encoding enzymes that are involved in methylglyoxal degradation III. The antimicrobial screening showed that the plant is active against Salmonella typhi, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Enterobacter aerogenes, Enterococcus faecalis, and Escherichia coli. Jigna Parekh, Sumitra V. Chanda.. Multidrug (biology) (nairobi). Increasing antimicrobial resistance has led to an arduous search for new potent drugs from nature. Rajeswara Reddy Erva. The results . Objective: To gather the current knowledge related to the medicinal characteristics of Z. nummularia. Moreover, the results of preliminary phytochemical and GC-MS .

Medicinal plants are various plants thought by some to have medicinal properties, but few plants or their phytochemical constituents have been proven by rigorous science to have medicinal effects. PDF | Abstract Background: The periodically emerging new and old infectious microorganisms greatly magnify the global burden of infectious diseases.. | Find, read and cite all the research you . The main aim of the present research was to study phytochemical content and possible antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of 61 medicinal plants of Pakistan. PDF | Abstract Background: The periodically emerging new and old infectious microorganisms greatly magnify the global burden of infectious diseases.. | Find, read and cite all the research you . Phytochemical Analysis The plant extracts which showed promising antimicrobial activity were investigated further for the presence of flavonoids, terpenoids, steroids, and glycosides, and other phytochemicals results are given in Table 4. Antimicrobial activity, toxicity and phytochemical analysis of four medicinal plants traditionally used in Msambweni District, Kenya.

a thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of master of science in plant taxonomy and Herbal medicine has a long history of being for treating various ailments ranging in severity. Mahato R B, Chaudhary R.P. Herein, the current study was aimed to isolate the endophytic fungi from the Ocimum basilicum plant as safe microorganisms and evaluate their biological activities.

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